자바스크립트

jQuery를 기반으로하는 선택적인 JavaScript 플러그인을 사용하여 부트스트랩에 활력을 불어 넣으십시오. 각 플러그인, 데이터 및 프로그래밍 API 옵션 등에 대해 자세히 알아보십시오.

개별적인 또는 컴파일된 (Individual or compiled)

Plugins can be included individually (using Bootstrap’s individual *.js files), or all at once using bootstrap.js or the minified bootstrap.min.js (don’t include both).

의존성

Some plugins and CSS components depend on other plugins. If you include plugins individually, make sure to check for these dependencies in the docs. Also note that all plugins depend on jQuery (this means jQuery must be included before the plugin files). Consult our package.json to see which versions of jQuery are supported.

Our dropdowns, popovers and tooltips also depend on Popper.js.

데이터 속성

Nearly all Bootstrap plugins can be enabled and configured through HTML alone with data attributes (our preferred way of using JavaScript functionality). Be sure to only use one set of data attributes on a single element (e.g., you cannot trigger a tooltip and modal from the same button.)

However, in some situations it may be desirable to disable this functionality. To disable the data attribute API, unbind all events on the document namespaced with data-api like so:

$(document).off('.data-api')

Alternatively, to target a specific plugin, just include the plugin’s name as a namespace along with the data-api namespace like this:

$(document).off('.alert.data-api')

이벤트 (Events)

Bootstrap provides custom events for most plugins’ unique actions. Generally, these come in an infinitive and past participle form - where the infinitive (ex. show) is triggered at the start of an event, and its past participle form (ex. shown) is triggered on the completion of an action.

All infinitive events provide preventDefault() functionality. This provides the ability to stop the execution of an action before it starts. Returning false from an event handler will also automatically call preventDefault().

$('#myModal').on('show.bs.modal', function (e) {
  if (!data) return e.preventDefault() // stops modal from being shown
})

프로그래밍 API (Programmatic API)

We also believe you should be able to use all Bootstrap plugins purely through the JavaScript API. All public APIs are single, chainable methods, and return the collection acted upon.

$('.btn.danger').button('toggle').addClass('fat')

All methods should accept an optional options object, a string which targets a particular method, or nothing (which initiates a plugin with default behavior):

$('#myModal').modal()                      // initialized with defaults
$('#myModal').modal({ keyboard: false })   // initialized with no keyboard
$('#myModal').modal('show')                // initializes and invokes show immediately

Each plugin also exposes its raw constructor on a Constructor property: $.fn.popover.Constructor. If you’d like to get a particular plugin instance, retrieve it directly from an element: $('[rel="popover"]').data('popover').

비동기 함수 및 트랜지션

All programmatic API methods are asynchronous and returns to the caller once the transition is started but before it ends.

In order to execute an action once the transition is complete, you can listen to the corresponding event.

$('#myCollapse').on('shown.bs.collapse', function (e) {
  // Action to execute once the collapsible area is expanded
})

In addition a method call on a transitioning component will be ignored.

$('#myCarousel').on('slid.bs.carousel', function (e) {
  $('#myCarousel').carousel('2') // Will slide to the slide 2 as soon as the transition to slide 1 is finished
})

$('#myCarousel').carousel('1') // Will start sliding to the slide 1 and returns to the caller
$('#myCarousel').carousel('2') // !! Will be ignored, as the transition to the slide 1 is not finished !!

기본설정

You can change the default settings for a plugin by modifying the plugin’s Constructor.Default object:

$.fn.modal.Constructor.Default.keyboard = false // changes default for the modal plugin's `keyboard` option to false

충돌없음

Sometimes it is necessary to use Bootstrap plugins with other UI frameworks. In these circumstances, namespace collisions can occasionally occur. If this happens, you may call .noConflict on the plugin you wish to revert the value of.

var bootstrapButton = $.fn.button.noConflict() // return $.fn.button to previously assigned value
$.fn.bootstrapBtn = bootstrapButton            // give $().bootstrapBtn the Bootstrap functionality

버전 넘버 (Version numbers)

The version of each of Bootstrap’s jQuery plugins can be accessed via the VERSION property of the plugin’s constructor. For example, for the tooltip plugin:

$.fn.tooltip.Constructor.VERSION // => "4.0.0-beta"

JavaScript가 비활성화 된 경우 특별한 fallback이 없습니다.

Bootstrap’s plugins don’t fall back particularly gracefully when JavaScript is disabled. If you care about the user experience in this case, use <noscript> to explain the situation (and how to re-enable JavaScript) to your users, and/or add your own custom fallbacks.

서드파티 라이브러리

Bootstrap does not officially support third-party JavaScript libraries like Prototype or jQuery UI. Despite .noConflict and namespaced events, there may be compatibility problems that you need to fix on your own.

유틸 (Util)

All Bootstrap’s JavaScript files depend on util.js and it has to be included alongside the other JS files. If you’re using the compiled (or minified) bootstrap.js, there is no need to include this—it’s already there.

util.js includes utility functions and a basic helper for transitionEnd events as well as a CSS transition emulator. It’s used by the other plugins to check for CSS transition support and to catch hanging transitions.